Frequently Asked Questions
Permanent Makeup – What Is It?
Permanent cosmetic makeup is cosmetic tattooing. The specialized techniques used for permanent cosmetics are often referred to as “semi permanent makeup” or “micropigmentation”. The cosmetic implantation technique deposits coloured pigment into the upper reticular layer of the dermis.
How Are Permanent Cosmetic Procedures Performed?
Permanent cosmetics procedures are performed using various devices, including the traditional tattoo coil machines, the pen or rotary machine (includes the digital rotary machines) and the non-machine or hand device. The process includes a consultation, the application of pigment, and at least one or more follow up visits for evaluating the healed design work and colour of the pigment.
What Type of Permanent Cosmetic Procedures Can Be Done?
Permanent Cosmetic procedures can be very subtle or dramatic depending on what you are looking for.
-Eyebrows: Microblading, Ombre, Powdered Brows, Combo Brows, Blade and Shade Brows
-Eyeliner: Top and Bottom, Stardusting/Eyeshadow Eyeliner, Eyelash Enhancement
-Lips: Lipliner, Lip Colour, and Blend
-Scalp Micropigmentation: Hair Imitation
(Also available are Microneedling Treatments)
Are Permanent Cosmetics Really Permanent?
Permanent cosmetics procedures are considered semi permanent because pigment is tattooed into the upper reticular part of the dermal layer of the skin and cannot be washed off, however does fade faster than a traditional tattoo and needs touch ups more often. As with any tattoo or colourant (pigment) in general, fading can and often does occur, requiring periodic maintenance referred to as colour re-enhancement or colour refreshing at the touch up appointment. The scientific structure of pigments and the requirement for periodic refreshing is identical to that of tinted hair colour; faded material on furniture that may be located near a window and subject to sun exposure; house paint that is exposed to the sun and other environmental elements; pigment implanted in the skin may fade with time. Longevity varies from person to person depending on their life style (sun exposure), the colour(s) used for the permanent cosmetic procedure, how well it is cared for, and are also thought to be affected by topical products applied to the skin.
How Much Does Permanent Makeup Cost?
The average cost per procedure varies but usually averages between $400-$800. Advanced work may be charged at $150 to $250 per hour. The cost of the procedure should not be the most important issue when consulting a potential permanent cosmetic professional. Most important is the training and skill of the person performing the procedure and the confidence of the client in that skill.
How Long Does Each Procedure Take?
The initial procedure will generally take approximately two to three hours; there are records to establish; photographs to take; desired design and colour to discuss; the procedure to perform; and the aftercare requirements to discuss. Follow up or colour refresher procedures usually do not require the same amount of time.
Is It Painful?
Most people experience some discomfort. This will vary according to each individual’s pain threshold. There are different methods available to help with discomfort management, including various topical anesthetics that are specifically developed for our industry. As a rule, traditional tattoo professionals do not use any anesthetics for their tattoo procedures. Anesthetics for permanent cosmetics are more of a tattoo service luxury because of the nature of the tattoo location and the fact that permanent cosmetics falls into the beauty treatment category.
Are There Any Side Effects During Or After The Procedure?
While eyebrows may show little after effect, eyeliner and lips may show slight to moderate swelling. This is very dependent upon the amount of work performed. During the procedure there may be some minor bleeding. This again, is client specific. Many people take blood thinners on a daily basis so some slight bleeding would be expected. Others show little or no signs of bleeding. Bruising is rare but again, if a person is on blood thinners, bruising could occur. What is seen more often is that eyebrows rarely if ever produce any bruising; minor bruising during eyeliner procedures is possible if the skin being tattooed is very thin and close to the vascular system. This also applies to lip procedures in the event the client is more mature. If bruising does occur, typically it is minor and subsides in a few days. There is usually some tenderness for a few days. The colour is much darker than you may expect for the first six to ten days of healing.
Do The Pigments Pose Allergy Problems?
People can develop an allergy to anything, anytime; however, pigment allergies are considered rare. Some Doctors recommend that people with environmental allergies or allergies to conventional makeup have permanent cosmetic procedures because they can replace cosmetic products that people are sensitive to. While allergic reactions to any type of tattooing pigments on the body or on the face through permanent cosmetics may occur at any point in time, they are extremely rare.
What’s a Touch-Up and Do I Need One?
Often the tattooed colour is not perfect after the initial procedure heals. Permanent cosmetic procedures are a process and at least one follow up to the initial procedure should be scheduled. It is recommended that any required detail work to the original procedure be performed no sooner than six weeks after the original procedure. The minimum standard for follow up detail work for lip procedures is eight weeks. Lips have a different healing agenda than procedures performed on other parts of the face due to their delicate nature. The cited time frames will vary depending on the health profile and age of the client, but these are good minimum standards for consideration.